Pre-historic brain surgery

Skulls have been found that are at least 7000 years old showing evidence of trepanning, where holes are scraped or drilled into the skull, probably using flint tools.

It may have been done to release “evil spirits” to escape but has also been used by civilisations such as the ancient Greeks, Romans, Egyptians and Chinese to cure headaches, epilepsy and other mental disorders, although there is no evidence that this actually works.

Archaeological examination shows evidence of healing suggesting that many of the “patients” survived the procedure.

Image: By José-Manuel Benito (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


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