Vive la Révolution: Victims of The Guillotine

During the Reign of Terror (1793-1794) in the French Revolution it is estimated that up to 40,000 people were executed by Guillotine.

Notable victims were:

  • François III Maximilien de la Woestyne, 3rd Marquess of Becelaere
  • Arnaud II de La Porte (23 August 1792) Second political victim of the guillotine
  • Jacques Cazotte (1792) – Guillotined for treason
  • Louis XVI of France (21 January 1793)
  • Marie Antoinette (16 October 1793)
  • Madame du Barry (8 December 1793)
  • Charlotte Corday (1793) – Executed for the murder of Jean-Paul Marat
  • Olympe de Gouges (1793) – Guillotined for sedition
  • Jean Sylvain Bailly (1793)
  • Madame Roland (1793) – Guillotined for Girondist
  • Antoine Lavoisier (1794) – the “Father of Modern Chemistry”; Guillotined for treason
  • Madame Élisabeth (1794)
  • Georges Danton (1794)
  • General Arthur Dillon – Guillotined in Paris for conspiracy (1794)
  • Jacques Hébert (1794) – Guillotined for sedition
  • Marie Marguerite Françoise Hébert (1794)
  • Camille Desmoulins (1794) – Guillotined for plotting against Robespierre
  • Marie Jean Hérault de Séchelles (1794) – Guillotined for plotting against Robespierre
  • François Joseph Westermann (1794) – Guillotined for plotting against Robespierre
  • Pierre Philippeaux (1794) – Guillotined for plotting against Robespierre
  • Maximilien Robespierre (1794) – Guillotined by order of the Committee of General Security
  • Georges Couthon (1794) – Guillotined by order of the Committee of General Security
  • Louis Antoine de Saint-Just (1794) – Guillotined by order of the Committee of General Security
  • Alexandre de Beauharnais (1794) – Husband of Josephine (who remarried Napoleon).
  • Thérèse de Choiseul-Stainville (1794)
  • André Chénier (1794) – Poet, guillotined on trumped-up charges
  • Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville (1795) – Guillotined for abuse of his post as Public Prosecutor

Image: The execution of Robespierre and his supporters on 28 July 1794.

Note: the beheaded man is not Robespierre, but Couthon: Maximilien Robespierre is shown sitting on the cart, dressed in brown, wearing a hat, and holding a handkerchief to his mouth. His younger brother Augustin is being led up the steps to the scaffold.

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